Bonsai at home: how to properly care for the dwarf trees



Probably not everyone knows what bonsai is? This ornamental green plant, capricious miniature tree decorates a lot of houses and apartments. Although care for bonsai is painstaking and time-consuming, the results obtained exceed any even very daring expectation. Bonsai is able to give its owners peace of mind in the home, in case you are familiar with the Japanese wonder tree and know at least a little about Japanese culture. Love the beautiful and unusual, you can overcome any difficulty, which many arise when you get acquainted with bonsai. It will take some time, and in your world there will be an unusually spectacular view of the miniature landscape.


Bonsai - Dwarf Trees Prototype 


bonsai were ordinary trees, growing in the subtropics, tropics, in the middle strip of forests. Prototypes of the Japanese miracle are also coniferous giants.



There are so many problems growing this plant. The main one is the climate in which the original was grown. When buying bonsai, try to find it closer to your region, because if you brought a wonderful tree as a gift, it will be much harder to take care of it.



Optimal conditions for growth and development bonsai 


As mentioned above, bonsai is a rather capricious wonderful plant brought to us from Japan. Therefore, it requires separate care and certain conditions.



Temperature mode necessary bonsai


The temperature setting for the bonsai should be the same as the plant is used to. Room conditions are perfect for boxwood, pomegranate, olives and myrtle. The same can be said of the subtropical bonsai options. Perfect if you can put a bonsai pot in a front garden, garden, balcony or window sill with an open window in the summertime. Fresh air has a beneficial effect on the development and growth of unique indoor plants. In winter, the bonsai is suitable for a rather cool room, where the average air temperature is +15 degrees. This can be achieved on a well equipped and glazed balcony or loggia.



If you became the owner of the tropical bonsai version, the indoor temperature in winter should be approximately +18 degrees. Otherwise, the plant will suffer from higher temperatures. Most of the time, the temperature in living quarters in winter is the same. The most difficult thing to do when overwintering bonsai is to keep the temperature under +10 degrees - conifers, maple or mountain ash. Ideal is a balcony that is not very insulated. If a tree cannot winter on the balcony for any reason, or if the apartment has no balcony, you can use the reverse greenhouse method. In this case, you should place the bonsai on the window sill and fence it off from the rest of the room so that no heat can flow to the plant.



Optimum lighting for bonsai Before 


With the lighting equipment that bonsai needs, it is necessary to study all the information about this wonderful plant concerning the natural conditions that are optimal for its growth and development. It is clear that an apartment cannot be equal to its natural habitat, so it is necessary to create approximate conditions, which is only possible after studying the information. The most optimal location of the light is on the east and west sides, so you should navigate through the windows overlooking these directions. An interesting point concerns the direct location of plants on window sills.




If the bonsai is installed on the west side, he's supposed to be standing on the right. If the plant is on the left, it is more favorably influenced by the east window.

 In order for the bonsai to fully develop its leaves and shoots, it is recommended to turn the plant 180° once every two weeks, or during a warm period of the year two to three times in four weeks. During the cold period of the year, very weak shoots may appear on the plant which have lost their bright colors and are strongly elongated. 

If there is not enough light, the bonsai develops poorly. To avoid this, lift curtains and blinds so that the plant receives natural light all day long.
 A fluorescent or halogen lamp can be used to increase daylight during autumn-winter-spring periods. We do not recommend the use of incandescent bulbs that we are used to most of the time. 

It is necessary to select the lamp correctly and place it at the maximum height of half a meter. With this addition, the plant will acquire the necessary light and the daylight duration will be increased by half a day.

Mode of watering


Mode of watering plants Watering plants, as many experts believe, the most difficult period in care ha bonsai. Its frequency and number are affected by many factors, among which the most important:

  •  Condition and type of soil.
  • The capacity in which the plant grows. 
  •  The rate at which moisture is evaporated and absorbed. This is the main reason which is considered an obstacle for proper watering of plants.



Small portions of water are the best option, but the number of waterings should be frequent. However, most gardeners are unable to meet this condition.

The most common watering method is diving. It uses a container which has to be larger than the one in which the plants are planted. A large container is filled with water where the bonsai pot is submerged. Once the air bubbles have stopped rising to the water surface, the plant is removed.

The absence of air bubbles on the water indicates that the soil is completely soaked in moisture. However, before setting up the bonsai in place, the excess glass from the tray needs to be liquid. The process of saturation of the soil with water must be controlled so that it does not take too long to keep the plant in water without air, which is very harmful to its root system.



This point is most important for trees that live in the middle zone. In addition, the resting state of the plants during the winter season is always taken into account - at this time it is not advisable to over-saturate the soil with water.

In summer, the leaves of the wonder tree are blown with fresh air, and the evaporation of moisture from the soil is more active. Therefore, contrary to your employment, you should ensure that the plants are watered at this time twice or more times during the day, especially for the bonsai water lovers. Tropical representatives also need to be sprinkled, but this procedure should not go beyond reasonable limits.

When winter comes, the number and frequency of sprinkles changes. Plants should not be irrigated more than once a week. Before watering the bonsai, make sure that the soil is completely dry. If the soil becomes light, moisture should be added.

Some owners of this lovely plant feel the soil so that it is easier to determine when to water. Experienced gardeners who grow bonsai all the time detect a lack of moisture by weight - the pot or tray with the plant becomes lighter.

When summer comes, some lovers of the Japanese wonder tree prepare a water bath. This is done in the following way:

A deep container is prepared, at the bottom of which a layer of expanded clay, coarse sand, moss or stones (any materials that can absorb and give away liquid) should be poured. Water is then poured into the container. A bonsai pot is placed in the water container so that there is space between the water and the pallet.

The water bath is a perfect match for spraying. In this case, the best possible result is to create an optimal plant environment.

Bonsai is a source of aesthetic pleasure as it is an ornamental tree.

It is not uncommon to find a hydroponic plant that does not have the charm and charm that is inherent in this indoor plant because instead of a pallet, two pots are used, inserted into each other. But this method, which is used for ornamental trees, has some positive aspects, although it is pushed into the background by the standard bonsai view.




Proper feeding and fertilizing


 Feeding bonsai does not require serious knowledge, and the process is not time-consuming. Using at least once a month the most widely known mineral supplements suitable for any potted plant can saturate a Japanese tree with the necessary components.



They don't feed you during the winter season. Exceptions are tropical bonsai species, which provide a daylight equivalent to half a day.

These ornamental trees are fertilized in the usual way:

  •  You can water the soil from above.
  •  It is possible to immerse the pot with the plant in mineral solutions.



This requires a deep container in which the mineral solution is poured (it is prepared as follows: two grams of mineral fertilizer should be diluted in a liter of water). Bonsai is placed in this solution and is only taken out of the container when it is completely saturated with mineral substances.


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